The distribution of the radio spectrum, the raw material that mobile operators need to continue to grow and improve the mobile internet service, finally has a date for its bidding will be before June and it will last until 2030 as they reported from the Mobile World Congress.
The concessions are aimed at the reclassification of frequencies (refarming) so that the operator can use any of the bands for any mobile (2G, 3G and the future 4G or LTE) and also the distribution of new frequencies available after the digital dividend and the end of analog TV.
Tender for new frequencies
The Ministry of industry has made clear that the deal will occur through a mixed model of a 90% through auction and 10% through competition whereby, hopes to raise between 1,500 and 2,000 million euros. Amount that the operators described as “too optimistic” since the possibilities of sharing are predictable and there is a range of applicants to raise bids.
Of the available spectrum, go out to tender 310 megahertz of 800, 900, 1,800 and 2,600 bands, of which:
- The band of 800 MHz be it tendered for auction and will be available in 2014.
- In the band of 900 MHz be tender three blocks of 5 MHz, of which only one will be available in 2011 for competition and the other two tender by auction and will be available in 2015. Movistar and Vodafone are excluded.
- The band of 1800 MHz be it tendered by competition and will be available in 2011. Orange is excluded.
- The band of 2600 MHz be it tendered for auction, will also be available in 2011 and can be divided into regions.
In addition imposed maximum limits of spectrum allocated in each band and clauses that will stop selling the spectrum acquired before two years since it is available for use.
Solution that seems to satisfy current network operators although they claim to be soon available, the better for everyone because only then can begin to migrate to the future 4G or LTE It will ensure the coverage of band mobile broadband up to 30 megs to 98% of the population by 2020.
To facilitate the migration to the new frequencies, Movistar, Vodafone, Orange and Yoigo already are updating their network equipment so that they can operate with any technology in any band when they get green light to do so.
Improvements to the network 3G and first movements to adopt LTE
While operators are replacing their equipment with multitecnologicas UMTS/LTE solutions, also continue upgrading their networks 3G which are necessary to continue improving the experience, speed and the ability to support the increase in traffic:
- Movistar longer months offering up to 42Mbps theoretical in large cities.
- Vodafone has also announced the deployment of HSPA + Dual Carrier that allows up to theoretical 43Mbps in large areas of Barcelona, Madrid, Zaragoza, Bilbao, Valencia and Malaga for the moment while a total of 39 cities can already be achieved the up to 21Mbps. Also Vodafone maintains its strong commitment for small populations continues to expand.
- Telstra has begun to deploy HSPA + QAM64 to cover 50% of its network before summer (34% of the population) and thus achieve the theoretical 21Mbps to increasingly in more places.