Judo, a martial art that evolved from jujitsu, which turns on the opponent technically correct manner to overthrow. Judo practiced in a room that is designated by the Japanese name dojo. The opponents meet each other in the mat, consisting of a wood substrate with foam thereon called tatami. Uniform one judoka consists of pants, a jacket and a closing strap.
The origins of judo is located in China. From China martial arts came over to Japan jujitsu. Around 1880 Japanese Jigoro Kano began practicing this sport separate from jujitsu. This resulted in judo as a separate sport that penetrated also around 1900 in Europe and America.
In the Netherlands, where judo was introduced in 1938 by J. van der Bruggen, a student of the Japanese T. Nakada, and became especially popular after World War II by the success of Anton Geesink Wim Ruska. The Dutch judoka’s organized in Judo Association Netherlands.
The winner is the judoka who earned a full point. Other results of the waza-ari, yuko and cook. The match ended when a judoka has earned two waza-ari’s. There may also be fined, which is considered a positive result for the non-sanctioned judoka. If within 5 minutes. To take an official game, no ippon or 2 waza-ari did, the one with the highest score. A new rule was introduced at the European Championships 2001 in Paris. If a match after the time of five minutes is still undecided, points no longer judge the winner, but go judoka until a decision has been taken. The judoka who scores first wins the game. It looks like the sudden death used in football in an indefinite situation; The golden score called in judo.
Class system for judo
A distinction is sixteen degrees of professionalism, of which the first six grades of the students are, the remaining ten masters degrees. Holders of kyu degrees are recognized by the color of their tie. Kyu-degree: white; 2. yellow; 3. Orange; 4. Green; 5. blue; 6. Brown. Dan-grades: 1 t / m 5 Black; 6 t / m 8 red / white; 9 and 10 red. The sixth and senior dance will be awarded to those who have special merits in judo. There are at least six months between a promotion at kyu degrees. When Dan-degree, this is at least a year. For children there is a subdivision of degrees between kyu in the so-called slip. Indicating that a bearer between two kyu degree is.
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